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Mallika Sengupta (Bengali: মল্লিকা সেনগুপ্ত, Born - 27 March 1960 Nadia, India, Died – 28 May 2011, (aged 51) Lucknow, India) was a Bengali poet, feminist, and reader of Sociology from Kolkata, known for her "unapologetically political poetry".
Sengupta was the Head of the department of Sociology in Maharani Kasiswari College, an undergraduate college affiliated with the University of Calcutta in Kolkata, Sengupta is much better known for her literary activity. The author of more than 20 books including 14 volumes of poetry and two novels, she has been widely translated and is a frequent invitee at international literary festivals.
For twelve years in the 90s she was the poetry editor of Sananda, the largest circulated Bengali fortnightly (edited by Aparna Sen). Along with her husband, the noted poet Subodh Sarkar, she is the founder-editor of Bhashanagar, a culture magazine in Bengali.
English translations of her work have appeared in various Indian and American anthologies. In addition to teaching, editing and writing, she has been actively involved with the cause of gender justice and other social issues.
A breast cancer survivor, she was under treatment since October 2005. She died on 28 May 2011, leaving her partner and son behind.
Activism and Literary Themes:
Sengupta is also active in a number of protest and gender activism groups. Her fiery, combative tone, can be seen in many poems, e.g. "While teaching my son history":
- Man alone was both God and Goddess
- Man was both father and mother
- Both tune and flute
- Both penis and vagina
- As we have learnt from history.
- – from Mallika Sengupta, Kathamanabi, Bhashanagar, kolkata, 2005, (tr. poet)
often dealing with women's marginalised role in history:
- after the battle said chenghis khan
- the greatest pleasure of life,
- is in front of the vanquished enemy
- to sleep with his favourite wife.
- – JuddhasheShe nArI – from Mallika Sengupta, Kathamanabi, Bhashanagar, kolkata, 2005, (tr. amitabha mukerjee)
Particularly evocative is her feminist rendition of the legend of khanA, a medieval female poet whose tongue was allegedly cut off by her jealous husband:
- In Bengal in the Middle ages
- Lived a woman Khanaa, I sing her life
- The first Bengali woman poet
- Her tongue they severed with a knife
- Her speechless voice, "Khanaar Bachan"
- Still resonates in the hills and skies
- Only the poet by the name of Khanaa
- Bleeding she dies.
- – khanA, tr. amitabha mukerjee
Awards and Honours:
- Junior Fellowship for Literature from the Dept. of Culture, Govt. of India (1997–99)
- Sukanto Puroskar from the Govt. of W.B.(1998)
- Bangla Academy award from the Govt. of W.B.(2004)
- Has been invited to poetry readings, conferences and seminars in Sweden (1987), Australia (1994), USA (2002 & 2006), Czech Republic (2009) and Bangladesh (1998 & 2002) as part of Indian writer's delegation.
- Challish Chander Ayu, Virus publication, 1983
- Ami Sindhur Meye, Prativas publication, Kolkata, 1988
- Haghare O Debdasi, Prativas publication, Kolkata, 1991
- Ardhek Prithivi, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 1993, ISBN 81-7215-247-7
- Meyeder Aa Aaa Ka Kha, Prativas publication, Kolkata, 1998
- Kathamanabi, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 1999, ISBN 81-7215-915-3
- Deoyalir Rat, Patralekha, Kolkata, 2001
- Amra Lasya Amra Ladai, Sristi Prakashani, Kolkata, 2001 Book Excerptise (2 translations)
- Purushke Lekha Chithi, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 2003, ISBN 81-7756-286-X Book Excerptise (1 poem online)
- Chheleke History Parate Giye, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 2005
- Shrestha Kabita, Kolkata, Dey's Publication, 2005
- Aamake Sariye Dao Valobasa, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 2006, ISBN 81-7756-573-7
- Purusher Janyo Eksho Kabita, Deep Prakashan, Kolkata, 2007
- O Janemon Jibananada, Banolata Sen Likhchhi, Kolkata, Ananda Pub. 2008
- Brishtimichhil Barudmichhil, Kolkata, Ananda Pub. 2010
Poetry in English Translation:
- Carriers of Fire, Bhashanagar, Kolkata, 2002
- Kathamanabi,her voice and Other Poems, Bhashanagar, kolkata, 2005
- Seetayan, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 1995, ISBN 81-7215-618-9
- Sleelatahanir Pare, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 1996, ISBN 81-7215-713-4
- Kabir Bouthan, Ananda Publishers,Kolkata, 2011, ISBN 978-81-7756-977-3
Books on sociology of gender:
- Strilinga Nirmana, Ananda Publishers, Kolkata, 1994, ISBN 81-7215-368-6
- Purush Noi Purushtantra, Vikash Grantha Bhavan, Kolkata, 2002
- Bibahabichchhinnar Akhyan, Banglar Samaj O Sahitye, Kolkata, Papyrus, 2007
- Akaler Madhye Saras, translation from Kedarnath Singh's Hindi poems, Sahitya Akademi, Kolkata, 1998
Bengali Poetry Anthology:
- Dui Banglar Meyeder Shreshtha kabita, Upasana, Kolkata, 2003